Regimes are either democratic 🙋🏾♀️ or authoritarian 👑 One of the first things you need to be able to do is define those terms.
Democratic 🙋🏾♀️—This regime type involves the selection 🗳️ of government officials through free and fair elections ☑️, a balance between the principle of majority rule and the protection of minority interests, and constitutional 📜 limitations on government actions.
You need to understand the characteristics of both democracy 🙋🏾♀️ and authoritarianism 👑, so I've created charts to help.
🙋🏾♀️ Democratic characteristics
Free and fair elections.
Government-developed policies and procedures that guarantee due process, accountability, and transparency in decision making.
Political and civil rights are possessed by all.
Elected government officials who exercise authority over the government.
Rule of Law.
👑 Authoritarian characteristics
Limited political participation.
Limited autonomy of society from state control.
Limitations placed upon political opposition.
Little political accountability or transparency.
Types of Authoritarian Regimes
Authoritarian regimes can include illiberal ⛔ democracy or hybrid ➕ regimes, one 1️⃣-party systems, theocracies 🛐, totalitarian governments 🕵️, and military 🎖️ regimes. You will need to know the difference between these regimes.
Illiberal democracy or hybrid regime is an authoritarian regime in which elections are held, but elected officials often use the electoral process to keep themselves in power. In other words it's an authoritarian regime where elements of "democracy" are present ➕⛔
A one-party system only allows one party to run for government office 1️⃣
Theocracies are governments in which religious leaders run the government. There is no separation or church and state 🛐
Totalitarian governments are regimes that seek to control nearly every aspect of public and private life 🕵️
Military regimes are authoritarian governments in which a military leader runs the government 🎖️
So what about our countries of study?
UK 🇬🇧 = Consolidated 🙋🏾♀️
Russia 🇷🇺 = 👑, Illiberal or hybrid regime
Iran 🇮🇷 = 👑, theocracy
Nigeria 🇳🇬 = 👑, military and more recently hybrid
Mexico 🇲🇽 = 👑, hybrid
China 🇨🇳 = 👑, one-party system