Multiple Choice Practice for Consequences of Industrialization
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Facts about the test: The AP World History exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 55 minutes to complete the section. That means it should take you around 15 minutes to complete 15 questions.
*The following questions were not written by CollegeBoard and although they cover information outlined in the AP World History Course and Exam Description the formatting on the exam may be different.
1. Which statement best expresses the motive for 19th-century European imperialism?
A. Living space was needed for the excess population in Western Europe.
B. Imperialism would benefit the economies of the colonial powers.
C. European nations would benefit from some aspects of the conquered nation’s culture.
D. European leaders believed imperialism was an effective method of reducing the number of wars.
2. During the 18th and 19th centuries, increased contact between European and the continents of Africa, Asia, and South America resulted in
A. the exploitation of the labor and resources of these continents
B. closer cultural cooperation between Europe and these continents
C. a return to the political and economic systems of feudal Europe
D. preservation of the rights of the indigenous peoples
3. During the 18th and 19th centuries, Europeans improved roads and bridges and built railroads in their colonies primarily to
A. impress the colonists with their technological knowledge
B. help missionaries spread Christianity
C. provide jobs for the colonists
D. obtain raw materials needed for industrialization
4. The idea that stronger nations had the right to overtake weaker nations, based on laws of nature, is the definition of
D. Social Darwinism
5. The Sepoy Rebellion is considered an important event in Indian history because it was one cause of
A. The British government taking more control over India
B. The establishment of French colonies in India
C. The creation of the Mughal Empire by Muslims
D. India finally gaining its independence from Britain
6. The major incentive for British control over India was
A. To prevent the Dutch colonizing any part of Asia
B. To increase Christianity in Asia
C. Access to valuable natural resources
D. To engage in more cultural diffusion with the South Asian subcontinent
7. Early European exploration of Africa, prior to 1800, was hindered by the
A. Isolationist policies of European monarchs
B. Challenging geography and disease
C. Alliances between African kingdoms that led to formidable resistance
D. A lack of contact with Africa prior to 1800
8. Many of the political divisions shown on this map were directly related to the
A. Meiji Restoration
B. Boer War
C. Opium Wars
D. Berlin Conference
9. The 19th century term “White Man’s Burden”, along with the idea of Social Darwinism reflect:
A. Europeans had a responsibility to "improve" and civilize the lives of the colonial peoples
B. Asians and Africans would be grateful for European help
C. Imperialism was opposed by most Europeans
D. Asians and Africans were equal to Europeans
10. In China, the building of the Great Wall, the use of the tribute system, and the government’s support of Rebellion are examples of attempts by different dynasties to limit
A. Foreign influence
C. Spread of Buddhism
D. The spread of socialist ideas
11. What was a principal reason for the success of European colonialism in Asia in the late 1800s?
A. Many Asians adopted European religious practices
B. Europe was able to dominate military relations with Asia
C. Europeans respected Asian laws and customs.
D. Asians respected Europeans as representatives of an advanced civilization.
12. The Sepoy Rebellion was to India as the Boxer Rebellion was to
13. Which event or period in Japan’s history best reflects Lord Ii’s concerns?
A. The adoption of Chinese imperial customs in the Japanese court
B. The expulsion of Christian missionaries from Japan
C. The annexation of Manchuria by the Japanese
D. Commodore Perry forcing Japan to open its ports to trade
14. Japan resisted modernization for most of its history. What motivated Japan to modernize beginning in the 1800s?
A. Japanese military leaders admired the design of Commodore Perry’s fleet of steamships.
B. The Japanese people developed a previously unknown desire for Western goods
C. The Japanese leadership feared that if it did not modernize, it might be controlled by Western nations like China had been.
D. China threatened to attack Japan, so modern weapons were required for defense
15. The name of the process of Japanese modernization was the
A. Meiji Restoration
B. Edo Period
C. Sino-Japanese Industrialization
D. Shogunate Revival
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