Multiple Choice Practice on Political Institutions
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Facts about the test: The AP Comp Gov exam has 55 multiple choice questions and you will be given 60 to complete the section. That means it should take you around 15 minutes to complete 15 questions.
*The following questions were not written by CollegeBoard and although they cover information outlined in the AP Comparative Government Course and Exam Description the formatting on the exam may be different.
1. One similarity between Russia’s Duma and China’s National People’s Congress is that both have...
A. Played a significant role in making policy
B. Extensive minority representation
C. Been dominated by one political party
D. Banned women from becoming representatives
2. The institution in Iran that makes laws related to civil liberties is the...
A. Civil Rights Council
B. Assembly of Experts
C. Guardian Council
3. Both judicial systems in Nigeria and Iran...
A. Reflect the British influence in following both codified and common law
B. Have elements of Shari'ah law
C. Reject the concept of human rights being protected by a constitution
D. Forbid the use of lawyers to argue cases against the government's charged in criminal cases
4. Which of the following is an accurate description of the Mexican judiciary?
A. Supreme Court justices are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate.
B. Supreme Court justices are appointed to a life term.
C. There is no functioning Supreme Court in Mexico.
D. Mexico’s judiciary does not have the power of judicial review.
5. Which of the following is NOT true of Iran's Supreme Leader?
A. They oversee the civil service
B. They serve as the commander-in-chief
C. They appoint half of the Guardian Council
D. They appoint the Expediency Council
6. Who selects the head of the British government?
A. The electorate
B. The departing prime minister
C. The majority party in the House of Lords
D. The majority party in the House of Commons
7. The use of judicial review in the UK is limited because...
A. The UK lacks a written constitution
B. Judicial review is seen as violating parliamentary sovereignty
C. Legal systems in the UK are structured on common law
D. The UK is a unitary state
8. One difference between the parliamentary and presidential forms of government is that the presidential form…
A. Makes the executive electorally independent of other branches of government
B. Ensures there will be no periods of divided government
C. Makes the executive subject to a possible vote of no confidence by the legislature
D. Creates a stronger sense of party discipline
9. The role of the executive in Nigeria is similar to that of the executive in Mexico in which of the following ways?
A. The executive presides over a unitary system of government.
B. The executive is limited to a single term in office.
C. The legislature has a constitutional check on the executive
D. The executive may be impeached by a two-thirds majority of the legislature
10. Which of the following explains a potentially negative consequence of executive term limits?
A. Executive term limits make the legislative branch too strong.
B. Executive term limits undermine democracy.
C. Executive term limits usually harm consistent application of rule of law.
D. Executive term limits can force effective executives out of office.
11. Which of the following is true of the cabinet in both Mexico and Nigeria?
A. The courts must review all cabinet member nominations by the executive.
B. The legislature must approve cabinet members nominated by the executive.
C. Cabinet members must be members of the legislature.
D. The cabinet is solely accountable to the executive branch.
12. Which of the following is an effect of fused executive and legislative branches in parliamentary systems?
A. The legislature can remove the executive without an impeachment proceeding.
B. The citizens have a more difficult time following political processes
C. The judiciary has little to no power or impact as a political institution.
D. The executive and legislative branches often have different policy goals.
13. The power of the Russian prime minister is more limited than the power of the prime minister in the United Kingdom because...
A. The parliament in the United Kingdom has the power to pass laws, whereas the Russian parliament does not
B. Only in the United Kingdom does the prime minister act as head of government
C. The Russian prime minister is limited by a much more powerful head of state
D. The United Kingdom has an unwritten constitution, whereas Russia has a written constitution
14. Which of the following is an accurate feature of the judiciary in China?
A. There are no judges, only juries
B. Judges are accountable to the public that elects them
C. The Supreme Court has the power to overturn an act of the National People's Congress
D. There is no independent judicial review
15. In addition to its basic lawmaking function, the Federation Council of the Russian Federation also has the power to...
A. Approve the president's choice of prime minister
B. Ratify treaties and approve troop deployments
C. Undertake votes of confidence in the government
D. Appoint the chair of the Central Bank
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